What are the basic parameters of a literary value of a poem?
Poems are of various types and formats. The basic structure consists of metre, length, rhyme, lines and syllables.
Metre- Quantitative metre is based on syllable weight rather than stress, while qualitative metres are coming at stresses syllables coming at regular intervals. In many classical poetic traditions, the metre of the verse can be described as a sequence of feet. If the line has only one foot, it is called monometer. A dimeter can have two stresses- unstressed and stressed. In classical Sanskrit, the syllabic verse depends on the number of syllables in a verse. In syllabo-quantitative verse the light heavy patterns are fixed. In a quantitative verse, the metre depend on duration.
Length- A length is a space that a line of poetry consumes. The number of conjoined and non-conjoined alphabets make up to the length of poetry along a line.
Rhyme- The homophonic sounds form a rhyme. The rhyming patterns can be ABAB, ABCB, ABBA, ABCD, ABCA, ABCD, where A, B, C, D are the homophonic sounds in a quatrain.
Lines- The lines can be of 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 lines and so on. Miltonian sonnets have an octave and a sestet, while a Shakespearean sonnet have 12 + 2 format.
Syllables- Syllabic verse is a poetic form having fixed number of syllables, in a verse structure. The stress and intonations form a syllable.
Tone- The tone of a pattern determines the nature of the mood of the poem. Humour, Sarcastic, Elegy, Sadness, Love, Desire, Sex, Subtleness, Spirituality and Satire is determined by the type and depth of the words used.
The Note determines the type and nature of the poem.