The Israeli–Palestinian conflict is the ongoing struggle between Israelis and Palestinians that began in the mid-20th century. The origins to the conflict can be traced back to Jewish immigration, and sectarian conflict in Mandatory Palestine between the Jews and Arabs.
Here are a few proposals for the ongoing conflict.
- Proposal number 1: Three proposals for the post World War I administration of Palestine. The red line is the “International Administration” proposed in the 1916 Sykes–Picot Agreement, the dashed blue line is the 1919 Zionist Organization proposal at the Paris Peace Conference, and the thin blue line refers to the final borders of the 1923–48 Mandatory Palestine.
- Proposal number 2: The first official proposal for partition, published in 1937 by the Peel Commission. An ongoing British Mandate was proposed to keep “the sanctity of Jerusalem and Bethlehem”, in the form of an enclave from Jerusalem to Jaffa, including Lydda and Ramle.
- Proposal number 3: Proposal per the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine (UN General Assembly Resolution 181 (II), 1947), prior to the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. The proposal included a Corpus Separatum for Jerusalem,extraterritorial crossroads between the non-contiguous areas, and Jaffa as an Arab exclave.
The history for the ongoing conflict has seen rounds in action. A few notes in the history would include-
- Settlement for 1947: Mandatory Palestine, showing Jewish-owned regions in Palestine as of 1947 in blue, constituting 6% of the total land area, of which more than half was held by the JNF and PICA. The Jewish population had increased from 83,790 in 1922 to 608,000 in 1946.
- Actual Settlement: The Jordanian-annexed West Bank(light green) and Egyptian-occupied Gaza Strip (dark green), after the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, showing 1949 armistice lines.
- Six Day War: During the Six-Day War, Israel captured the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, and the Golan Heights, together with the Sinai Peninsula (later traded for peace after the Yom Kippur War). In 1980–81 Israel annexed East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights. Neither Israel’s annexation nor Palestine’s claim over East Jerusalem has been internationally recognized.
Under the recent developments, an amicable solution has the following-
- 1994–2006: Under the Oslo Accords, the Palestinian National Authority was created to provide civil government in certain urban areas of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
- 2006–present: After the Israeli disengagement from Gaza and clashes between the two main Palestinian parties following the Hamas electoral victory, two separate executive governments took control in Gaza and the West Bank.